The domestic labor market is undergoing significant changes. This is influenced by the consequences of the pandemic, and the withdrawal of foreign companies from the domestic market after February 24, and partial mobilization in the fall of 2022. What trends have formed by the end of this year and which specialties have gained the greatest demand?
In August 2022, there were 2,855 million unemployed in Russia, which amounted to 3.8%. This is the historical minimum for unemployment in Russia. For comparison, in the first quarter of 2021, the number of people out of work exceeded 4.2 million people — the unemployment rate was 5.6%.
The labor market was affected by the departure of large foreign companies. Russians began to give priority to domestic employers — this is one of the trends that clearly manifested itself in 2022. According to a study by Robocash Group, 41.6% of Russians choose to work in domestic companies. This trend is caused by the mass withdrawal of foreign companies from the Russian market, and, as a result, the Russians' search for stability in domestic companies.
Since the autumn of 2022, the demand for remote employment has increased. An increase in interest is observed among both men and women. According to the "Rabota.ru" the beginning of October 2022, the number of vacancies with remote work increased by 89% (relative to the beginning of September). The share of vacancies offering remote employment has almost doubled — from 3% to 5.4% — but still remains insignificant.
In 2022, the "face" of the labor market began to change. Since the fourth quarter of 2022, women have been more active in the labor market. The share of CV of female professionals was 62%. The most popular industries among women are insurance, security, sports and beauty segment.
The demand for candidates of older age categories is expected to increase. Such a choice is associated with the search and hiring of more stable professionals in the current conditions. If before that they preferred not to hire professionals over forty years old, now it is employees 40-60+ who are in priority. The demand for young professionals has decreased most noticeably in the field of law, personnel management, as well as in the automotive business and consulting. The demand for candidates aged 35-44 and 45-54 increased by 1% in both age categories.
Only in four professional areas does the supply from employers exceed the demand: consulting, home staff, raw material extraction, working staff. The highest competition is observed in the legal field — there are 9 CV for 1 vacancy.
In major cities of the country (Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan, Volgograd, Krasnodar, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-Don, Perm, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Yekaterinburg, Ufa, Krasnoyarsk, Samara and Chelyabinsk), the highest-paid vacancies were offers in retail and wholesale sales, finance, construction and manufacturing, healthcare, IT, transport and logistics industry and in the service sector.
In cities with a population of 500 thousand to 1 million people, such professionals as sales managers and sales representatives, programmers, senior and middle managers, engineers and drivers have become the most highly paid and in demand. In small towns with a population of up to 500 thousand people, employers were most interested in sales managers, engineers and skilled workers.