Many concert halls have historical significance, embodying the cultural heritage of a region or country. These venues often host performances ranging from classical music to contemporary compositions, preserving and celebrating diverse musical traditions.

In the previous article, we reviewed the most famous concert venues in the world. In this article, we will talk about lesser-known, but no less beautiful concert halls.

The Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico City, Mexico

The Palace of Fine Arts (Palacio de Bellas Artes) in Mexico City, Mexico, is a renowned cultural institution and architectural marvel. The Palace of Fine Arts was inaugurated in 1934 and has since become one of Mexico City's most important cultural venues. It was built during the presidency of Porfirio Díaz and completed after the Mexican Revolution, symbolizing Mexico's commitment to the arts and culture.

The Palace of Fine Arts is celebrated for its stunning architecture, which combines Art Nouveau and Neoclassical styles. The exterior features intricate marble facades, sculptural reliefs, and a grand central dome adorned with allegorical sculptures representing music, dance, and drama. The interior is equally impressive, with elegant galleries, murals, and decorative details showcasing Mexican artistic heritage.

The Palace of Fine Arts houses several performance spaces, including the main concert hall, theater, and exhibition halls. The main concert hall, known as the Sala Principal, is renowned for its excellent acoustics and hosts a variety of music concerts, opera performances, and ballets. The theater, named after Mexican playwright Manuel M. Ponce, is a venue for theatrical productions, dance performances, and film screenings.

The Palace of Fine Arts is a cultural hub that hosts a wide range of events and activities, including art exhibitions, lectures, conferences, and cultural festivals. It is home to the National Institute of Fine Arts (INBA) and the National Dance Company (Compañía Nacional de Danza), which contribute to its vibrant cultural programming.

One of the highlights of the Palace of Fine Arts is the series of murals by renowned Mexican artist Diego Rivera. The murals, located in the main stairwell and upper galleries, depict scenes from Mexican history, mythology, and culture, showcasing Rivera's mastery of fresco painting and social commentary.

The Palace of Fine Arts is a treasure of Mexican culture and a testament to the enduring power of art to inspire, educate, and unite people across generations and borders. Its architectural beauty, cultural significance, and vibrant programming make it a beloved landmark in the heart of Mexico City.

Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles, USA

The newest concert venue in Los Angeles, the home stage of the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra. It was opened on October 23, 2003.

Walt Disney's widow Lillian was at the origin of the project. In 1987, she donated $ 50 million to create a new concert hall in Los Angeles. Architect Frank Gehry, one of the largest architects in the world, designed the building by 1991, and in 1992 construction began on an underground garage under the concert hall (the construction of the garage was separately funded by the municipal authorities). Work on the concert hall itself was postponed for some time, as its cost turned out to be much higher than expected, and additional financing was required. As a result, the cost of the project amounted to about 170 million dollars, of which the Disney family contributed about half, and another 25 million was donated by the Walt Disney Company. Construction began in December 1999 and was completed in 2003. In 2005, some external alterations were made related to complaints from residents of neighboring houses: steel panels that lined the facade of the concert hall concentrated the sun's rays, so that in some apartments opposite there was unbearable heat, and the surface temperature of the sidewalk reached 60 °C.

The hall is designed for 2,265 listeners. Experts unanimously rate its acoustics highly, despite the fact that opinions about Gehry's architecture are traditionally contradictory. In this case, the disagreement was caused not only by the decision of the exterior facade, but also by such a significant element of the interior decoration of the hall as the facade of the organ, paradoxically solved by the architect in the form of a bundle of tubes sticking out at different angles.

Along with concerts of academic and, less often, jazz music, the Disney Concert Hall is sporadically used for other events.

Opera House in Oslo, Norway

The National Opera House of Norway is located in the center of Oslo, on the shore of the Oslo Fjord (Akershus Peninsula, jutting into the Bay of Bjørvik). The theater was built at the expense of the state budget and is a public institution managed by the Government of Norway. The venue of the Norwegian National Opera and Ballet and the Norwegian Academic Opera Theatre.

The architects' idea was to build an ultramodern theater building, organically integrated at the same time into the urban development, the rocks of the Oslo Fjord and the bustle of the seaport. It was supposed to be a link between the historical center to the west of Bjorvik and the modern neighborhoods to the east.

The opera house building approaches the very shore of the Oslo Fjord and even steps into the water a little. Its most striking and outstanding feature is the exploited roof of a large area, tilted towards the water. This roof is assembled from 36 thousand snow-white stone slabs, fitted in such a way that anyone can climb the ramps from the shore to the highest point of the building, from which a magnificent panorama of the city and the bay opens. The slabs have a different texture — smooth in inaccessible places and rough-relief where people go up or down. Italian marble, from which the slabs are made, being a traditional material for sculpture, gives the building monumentality; and the changing slope of the slabs, coupled with their various treatments, gives rise to a changeable play of light and shadow, enriching architectural forms with three-dimensional expressiveness.

The main hall of the theater with 1,364 seats has a classic horseshoe shape, providing high acoustic characteristics. The smoothly curving walls of the hall, balconies, stairs are covered with oak panels. The warm surface of the aged Baltic oak creates a contrast with the cold marble exterior surfaces. The hall is illuminated by a spherical chandelier consisting of 800 LEDs, the light of which is refracted in 5,800 handmade glass pendants. With a diameter of seven meters and a weight of 8.5 tons, the chandelier has become the largest in Norway.

Auditorium de Tenerife Opera House in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain

One of the most famous and recognizable buildings in Spain, the symbol of the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and one of the main attractions of the Canary Islands. The opera is considered one of the most significant works of modern architecture. It was built in 2003. The work of Santiago Calatrava.

Today, it is recognized worldwide as a significant achievement of postmodernism. The bold project of the famous Spanish architect and engineer Santiago Calatrava turned out to be a successful game of volumes and curved lines, proportions and textures.

The area of the site occupied by the building is 23,000 m2, of which 6,471 m2 is occupied by the concert halls themselves. The main hall, the Symphony, has 1,616 seats and a stage 16.5 meters wide and 14 meters deep. The hall is equipped with an organ (72 registers, 3835 pipes). The second chamber hall is designed for 424 seats.

You can enter the opera hall from both sides of the building at once. The Auditorium de Tenerife is equipped with two terraces overlooking the sea.

Cultural events such as Tenerife Danza, Atlantic Jazz, World Music and Great Performers are regularly held within the walls of the Auditorium de Tenerife in addition to performances by the Tenerife Symphony Orchestra, the Opera Festival, etc. From time to time, the Auditorium's premises are used for various congresses, conferences, as well as for film screenings.

Concert Hall in Copenhagen, Denmark

The Concert Hall in Copenhagen, also known as the Koncerthuset, is a renowned venue that holds significant cultural and architectural importance. Designed by French architect Jean Nouvel, the Concert Hall stands out for its striking modern architecture. It features a bold, angular design with a façade adorned in blue glass panels, giving it a distinctive and contemporary appearance.

he Concert Hall is celebrated for its exceptional acoustics, which were meticulously crafted to provide optimal sound quality for both performers and audiences. The interior design incorporates innovative acoustic materials and techniques, creating an immersive listening experience.

The Concert Hall serves as the primary venue for the Danish National Symphony Orchestra (DR SymfoniOrkestret). It hosts a diverse range of performances, including classical concerts, contemporary music, jazz, and more, showcasing the orchestra's versatility and talent. In addition to its main concert hall, the venue houses smaller performance spaces and rehearsal rooms, providing flexibility for various types of events and rehearsals. This versatility allows the Concert Hall to accommodate a wide range of performances and activities, from intimate chamber music recitals to large-scale orchestral concerts.

The Concert Hall plays a central role in Copenhagen's cultural scene, attracting both local audiences and international visitors with its world-class performances and events. It serves as a hub for artistic expression, education, and community engagement, offering a vibrant and inclusive space for music lovers of all ages and backgrounds. Sustainability was a key consideration in the construction of the Concert Hall, with features such as energy-efficient lighting, heating, and ventilation systems, as well as eco-friendly materials used throughout the building. This commitment to environmental responsibility aligns with Copenhagen's reputation as a green city.

Rudolfinum Concert and Exhibition Hall in Prague, Czech Republic

The Rudolfinum Concert and Exhibition Hall in Prague is a historic and iconic cultural institution that holds a special place in the city's artistic heritage.Completed in 1885, the Rudolfinum is one of the most important architectural landmarks in Prague. It was originally built to house the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra and served as a center for music and the arts during the late 19th century.

Designed in the Neo-Renaissance style by architects Josef Zítek and Josef Schulz, the Rudolfinum is renowned for its elegant façade, grand interiors, and ornate detailing. The building's exterior features a distinctive blend of classical and Renaissance-inspired elements, making it a visual masterpiece.

The Rudolfinum remains the primary venue for the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, showcasing the ensemble's world-class performances of classical and contemporary music. The orchestra's residency at the Rudolfinum contributes to the venue's status as a premier destination for music lovers from around the world.

The Rudolfinum's Dvořák Hall is celebrated for its exceptional acoustics, making it an ideal venue for orchestral concerts, chamber music recitals, and solo performances. The hall's design, with its wooden paneling and adjustable acoustic elements, creates a warm and resonant sound environment that enhances the listening experience. In addition to its role as a concert hall, the Rudolfinum serves as a dynamic cultural center, hosting a wide range of exhibitions, festivals, and other cultural events throughout the year. Its spacious exhibition halls and galleries provide a platform for visual artists, photographers, and multimedia installations, enriching Prague's cultural landscape.

Sage Gateshead Music Education Center in Gateshead, United Kingdom

The Glasshouse in Gateshead, England, commonly referred to as The Sage Gateshead or simply The Sage, is a distinctive and innovative cultural venue that holds significant importance in the region. Designed by renowned British architect Norman Foster, The Sage Gateshead is celebrated for its striking architectural design. The building's most distinctive feature is its shimmering glass and stainless steel exterior, which reflects the surrounding landscape and creates a visually stunning focal point along the River Tyne waterfront.

The Sage Gateshead is a versatile venue that hosts a wide range of cultural events, including concerts, performances, conferences, and educational programs. Its flexible spaces include a large concert hall, smaller performance spaces, rehearsal rooms, and conference facilities, accommodating events of varying scales and formats.

The Sage Gateshead is acclaimed for its exceptional acoustics, which were carefully designed to provide optimal sound quality for both performers and audiences. The main concert hall, in particular, features state-of-the-art acoustic treatments and adjustable elements, allowing for precise control over the sound environment and ensuring an immersive listening experience.

In addition to its role as a performance venue, The Sage Gateshead is dedicated to music education and community engagement. It houses a renowned music school offering classes, workshops, and ensemble opportunities for people of all ages and skill levels. The venue's commitment to music education helps nurture talent, foster creativity, and promote lifelong participation in the arts.

The Sage Gateshead serves as a vibrant cultural hub for the region, attracting local residents, tourists, and artists with its diverse programming and inclusive atmosphere. Its calendar of events features a wide range of musical genres, including classical, jazz, folk, world music, and contemporary styles, reflecting the venue's commitment to artistic diversity and innovation.

Harp Concert Hall in Reykjavik, Iceland

Harpa is a concert hall and conference center in Reykjavik. The hall received its name, "Harpa", on the Day of Icelandic Music on December 11, 2009, before that its name was "Reykjavik Concert Hall and Conference Center". This is the first concert hall in Iceland built specifically for this purpose. It houses the Icelandic Symphony Orchestra and the offices of the Icelandic Opera.

Glass panels in the form of honeycomb cells of different colors with built-in LEDs are inserted into the steel frame of the walls, which reflect and refract external light and create an amazing play of colors and semitones. Thanks to the glass walls and ceiling, the room is filled with light and air. Inside, a feeling of great space, lightness and flight is created. Inside, the Harpa is divided into five floors, but this division is conditional, because the planes of the floors are torn and seem to float in the air. The total area of the building is 28,000 square meters.

In addition to the four concert halls, there are also rooms equipped for meetings, seminars, conferences, etc. The building also houses souvenir shops, boutiques, a flower salon, a bookstore, a cafe and a restaurant with panoramic views of the historic center of Reykjavik. Harpa is the most visited building in Reykjavik. Its doors are open to the public all year round, seven days a week.

Harpa is a venue for numerous festivals, concerts (including free ones), shows, performances and presentations. Much attention is paid to concerts of Icelandic folk music.

The Egg Concert Hall in Albany, USA

The Egg is a performing arts venue in Albany, New York, named for its shape. It has become an icon of New York's Capital District due to its unusual shape and central location. The Egg is slightly inclined, and has a small pedestal on which it appears to sit. In fact, the building is held by a stem that goes down six stories into the Plaza. Attached to this stem is a concrete girdle that surrounds The Egg, enabling it to retain its shape and transmitting its weight to the pedestal.

The Egg houses two main performance venues: the 982-seat Hart Theatre and the smaller, more intimate Swyer Theatre. Both theaters feature flexible seating arrangements and state-of-the-art acoustics, accommodating a wide range of performances, including music concerts, dance recitals, theatrical productions, and lectures.

As the premier performing arts venue in the Capital Region of New York, The Egg serves as a vibrant cultural hub for the local community and beyond. Its diverse programming includes performances by renowned artists, emerging talents, and local arts organizations, reflecting a commitment to artistic excellence and innovation. The Egg is dedicated to promoting arts education and fostering a deeper appreciation for the performing arts among audiences of all ages. The venue offers educational programs, workshops, and outreach initiatives designed to engage students, educators, and community members in meaningful arts experiences.

The Egg is not only a cultural institution but also a symbol of Albany's artistic vitality and architectural innovation. Its central location within Empire State Plaza, a sprawling government complex, makes it a focal point for arts and entertainment in the state capital, attracting visitors and residents alike.

The Esplanade Theatre in Singapore

The Esplanade is a performing arts center located in Singapore. Named after the nearby Esplanade Park. It consists of a concert hall, which seats about 1,600 people, and a theater with a capacity of about 2,000 people.

The design consists of two rounded spaces equipped with triangular glass elements and sun protection elements. The unique architectural design has a look similar to the tropical durian fruit or the eyes of a fly. More than 7,000 triangular aluminum sunscreens that cover his two round glass designs looked like spikes on the two halves of a durian fruit.

In addition to the venues, the Esplanade also contains conference venues, as well as other art-related spaces. The concert hall and the theater are connected through a foyer, and the shopping center is accessible through an entrance located between these two halls.

The concert hall serves as a venue for concerts and performances. The hall's distinctive feature is considered to be excellent acoustics. The orchestra platform can accommodate up to 120 musicians. The organ of the concert halls includes 4,740 pipes.

The concert hall accommodates about 1,600 people on four levels. There are 200 more seats for the choir members behind the stage of the concert hall, which can be turned into seats for an additional 200 spectators.

The theater, with a capacity of about 2,000 seats, is a type of adaptation of the horseshoe shape of a traditional European opera house.

The Recital Studio can accommodate 245 people and is a place for small chamber music performances, as well as presentations and meetings.

The theater studio, with a capacity of up to 220 seats, is a small stage for experimental theater and dance productions.

The library, located on the third floor, is Singapore's first public library dedicated to the performing arts. There is an open space on the fourth floor of the building, which is the highest point open to the public.

Iconic concert halls often become symbols of civic pride and identity, representing the cultural vibrancy and artistic achievements of a city or region. Their architectural beauty and historical significance make them landmarks worth preserving and promoting. Overall, concert halls play a multifaceted role in enriching the cultural landscape, fostering artistic excellence, and bringing communities together through the universal language of music.