5 things to do in Meghalaya - the abode of clouds

Milk

Since 2017, Russia has recorded an annual increase in raw milk production. According to Rosstat, over the past six years, the country has increased the production of milk by 9.3%, to 33 million tons.
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The agricultural sector plays an important role in the Turkish economy and is developing dynamically: agricultural input in GDP more than doubled from $24 billion to $58 billion in 2002-2022. 
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South Africa belongs to the number of countries with insufficiently favorable conditions for agriculture, which is mainly due to the arid and hot climate, as well as the oversaturation of soils with salts.
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According to the latest production cost and producer price calculations in the organic sector, producers in Germany received an average 60.36 cents/kg of organic milk in the accounting year 2022/23, as follows from the press release of the European Milk Board.
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Indonesia's agricultural sector accounted for 12.4% of GDP and 29.0% of the employed population in 2022. The favorable climate, as well as extensive fertile lands allow the country to maintain the status of a net exporter of agricultural products.
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Agriculture in DR Congo accounts for about 17.4% of GDP and 55.3% of the employed population. Although the majority of the country's population is employed in the agricultural sector, production is based on low-efficiency subsistence farming
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In 2022, imports of agricultural products to Hong Kong amounted to 23.4 billion US dollars, a decrease of 13.6% (-3.7 billion US dollars) compared to 2021. The volume of imports for 2018-2022 decreased annually by an average of 5.5%.
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According to the quarterly update of the cost study established by the Farm Economics and Rural Studies Office (BAL), milk production costs in Germany amount to 49.73 cents per kg (as of July 2023). With 46.87 cents per kg, costs were at a lower level in April 2023.
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Agriculture is a key sector of Benin's economy, accounting for 26.9% of the country's GDP. However, most of the production is accounted for by subsistence farming, and only a small part of the products produced is represented on the domestic market.
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The agricultural sector accounts for 24.1% of Uganda's GDP and 62.9% of the employed population. This is the main field of activity for the majority of the country's residents, however, the employment-to-GDP ratio demonstrates insufficient efficiency of agricultural production
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Milk is a nutrient-rich liquid food produced by the mammary glands of mammals. It is the primary source of nutrition for infant mammals before they are able to digest solid food. In human consumption, the most commonly consumed types of milk are cow's milk and, to a lesser extent, goat, sheep, and buffalo milk.

Composition of Milk:

Milk contains a variety of nutrients essential for the human body, including:

Proteins: Essential for growth and repair of tissues.
Calcium: Vital for building and maintaining strong bones and teeth.
Vitamins: Such as Vitamin D, Vitamin A, and B vitamins.
Minerals: Including potassium and phosphorus.
Fats: Important for energy and the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
Carbohydrates: Mainly lactose, which provides energy.

Uses of Milk:

Direct Consumption: Milk is often consumed directly as a drink, providing a balanced mix of nutrients.
Tea and Coffee: It's commonly added to tea and coffee to enhance flavor and texture.
Dairy Products: Milk is the base for a variety of dairy products, including cheese, yogurt, butter, cream, and ice cream.
Cooking and Baking: It's used in cooking and baking for its nutritional value, flavor, and ability to tenderize. Milk is a key ingredient in sauces, soups, batters, baked goods, and desserts.
Breakfast Cereals: Often poured over breakfast cereals.
Smoothies and Shakes: Used as a base for smoothies and milkshakes.
Infant Food: Cow's milk-based formulas are often used as a substitute for breast milk.

Types of Milk:

Whole Milk: Contains all the natural fat (around 3.5% fat content).
Skimmed and Low-Fat Milk: Fat content is removed or reduced.
Lactose-Free Milk: For people with lactose intolerance.
Fortified Milk: Extra nutrients, such as Vitamin D or calcium, are added.
Flavored Milk: Such as chocolate or strawberry milk.
Plant-Based Milk Alternatives: Such as soy, almond, oat, and rice milk, for those who are vegan or lactose intolerant.

Health Considerations:

Balanced Diet: Milk is a part of a balanced diet but should be consumed in moderation, especially full-fat varieties.
Lactose Intolerance: People with lactose intolerance should opt for lactose-free milk or plant-based alternatives.
Allergies: Some individuals may be allergic to cow's milk protein.
Bone Health: Milk is beneficial for bone health due to its calcium and Vitamin D content.

Environmental and Ethical Considerations:

Sustainable Farming: Choosing milk from sources that practice sustainable farming can help reduce environmental impact.
Animal Welfare: Ethical concerns about animal welfare lead some people to choose milk from farms with higher welfare standards or to opt for plant-based alternatives.

In summary, milk is a versatile and nutritious food that serves as a staple in many diets worldwide. Its wide range of uses in culinary applications, along with its nutritional benefits, make it a popular choice. However, individual dietary needs and preferences, as well as environmental and ethical considerations, can influence milk consumption choices.