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Furniture

According to the operational data of the Association of Furniture and Woodworking Enterprises of Russia, the volume of furniture production in Russia for 6 months of 2023 increased by 8.6% compared to the same period of 2022 and amounted to 26.8 million pieces.
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The inclusion of IKEA products in the list of goods for which parallel imports are allowed runs counter to the need to restrict the Russian market from supplying furniture from "unfriendly" countries.
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Furniture is a term that refers to movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating, eating, and sleeping. It is also used to hold objects at a convenient height for work or to store things. Furniture can be a product of design and is considered a form of decorative art. In addition to its functional role, furniture can also serve a symbolic or religious purpose. It is made from many materials, including metal, plastic, and wood.

Types of Furniture and Their Purposes:

1. Seating Furniture:
Chairs: Designed for a single person to sit; can range from simple stools to elaborate armchairs.
Sofas: Larger than chairs, designed to accommodate multiple people; often the centerpiece of a living room.
Benches: Long seats designed for multiple people; used both indoors and outdoors.
Purpose: To provide comfortable and appropriate seating for various activities like dining, relaxing, or working.

2. Sleeping or Lying Furniture:
Beds: Used for sleeping; come in various sizes, from single to king-size.
Futons: Japanese-style beds, often foldable and used for both sitting and sleeping.
Cots: Lightweight, portable beds.
Purpose: To provide a comfortable place for rest or sleep.

3. Surfaces:
Tables: Flat-topped surfaces supported by legs; includes dining tables, coffee tables, and bedside tables.
Desks: Tables often used for work, equipped with compartments for storage.
Countertops: Permanent surfaces used in kitchens or workrooms.
Purpose: To provide horizontal surfaces for working, eating, or storing items.

4. Storage Furniture:
Cabinets/Cupboards: Enclosed shelving used for storing various items.
Dressers: Typically used in bedrooms for storing clothes.
Bookcases: Used to store books and other items, primarily in living areas or studies.
Wardrobes: Tall cabinets specifically designed for storing clothes.
Purpose: To organize, store, and protect personal or household items.

5. Entertainment Units:
TV Stands and Entertainment Centers: Designed to hold televisions and related equipment.
Purpose: To organize and house entertainment equipment and accessories.

6. Outdoor Furniture:
Patio Sets: Including outdoor chairs and tables.
Hammocks and Outdoor Beds: For relaxation outdoors.
Purpose: To provide comfortable seating and dining arrangements in outdoor settings.

7. Children’s Furniture:
Cribs, High Chairs, Junior Beds: Specially sized for children.
Purpose: To cater to the size, safety, and needs of children.

8. Specialized Furniture:
Office Furniture: Including ergonomic office chairs and desks.
Bar Stools and Counters: For bars and dining areas.
Hall Trees, Coat Racks: For organizing outerwear and accessories in entryways.
Purpose: To cater to specific activities or settings, such as work or dining.

9. Decorative and Accent Furniture:
Side Tables, Ottomans, Console Tables: Often used to enhance the decor and add functionality.
Purpose: To complement the interior aesthetics while providing additional utility.

Furniture manufacturing utilizes a wide range of materials, each offering different benefits in terms of aesthetics, durability, cost, and environmental impact. Here's an overview of common materials used in furniture production:

1. Wood
Hardwoods: Such as oak, maple, and teak, known for their durability and grain patterns.
Softwoods: Like pine and cedar, typically lighter and less expensive but less durable than hardwoods.
Engineered Wood: Such as plywood, MDF (Medium-Density Fiberboard), and particleboard, which are more affordable and often more sustainable.

2. Metal
Steel: Known for strength and modern appearance; often used in contemporary furniture.
Aluminum: Lightweight and resistant to corrosion; commonly used for outdoor furniture.
Wrought Iron: Heavier and more traditional, ideal for outdoor settings due to its durability.

3. Plastic
Acrylic: Offers a modern look and can mimic glass; durable and lighter than glass.
Polyethylene (PE) and Polypropylene (PP): Common in outdoor furniture; resistant to weather and easy to mold into various shapes.
PVC: Used for its flexibility and durability; often seen in outdoor and garden furniture.

4. Glass
Tempered Glass: Treated to be stronger and safer than regular glass; commonly used in tabletops and decorative pieces.
Frosted Glass: Used for a decorative, translucent effect, often in contemporary furniture designs.

5. Fabric
Cotton and Linen: Popular for upholstery due to their comfort and natural feel.
Leather: Durable and upscale, used in high-quality furniture; requires more maintenance.
Microfiber: A synthetic fabric known for its durability and stain resistance, often used in upholstery.
Velvet: Adds a luxurious look; used in high-end furniture designs.

6. Natural Fibers
Rattan and Wicker: Lightweight and durable; commonly used in outdoor and casual furniture.
Bamboo: Sustainable and sturdy; often used in both indoor and outdoor furniture.
Cane: Used in traditional furniture; known for its lightweight and airy qualities.

7. Composite Materials
Laminates: Layers of materials (often plastic) bonded to particleboard or MDF; used for cost-effective, durable surfaces.
Veneers: Thin slices of wood glued to a core panel; provide the appearance of solid wood at a lower cost.

8. Stone and Marble
Marble: Luxurious and durable; often used in high-end tables and decorative pieces.
Granite and Slate: Used for their durability and unique appearance; common in countertops and tabletops.

9. Foam and Padding
Used in upholstery for comfort; varies in density and firmness.

10. Sustainable and Recycled Materials
Reclaimed Wood: Eco-friendly, with a unique character from its previous use.
Recycled Metals and Plastics: Used in environmentally conscious furniture designs.

Each material has its specific properties and ideal uses. The choice of material often depends on the desired aesthetic, the intended use of the furniture, the required durability, and budget considerations. In contemporary furniture design, a combination of these materials is often used to exploit the strengths of each while minimizing weaknesses.

Purpose of Furniture Overall:

The primary purpose of furniture is to make spaces livable, functional, and comfortable. It enhances the usability of spaces by accommodating various human activities. Additionally, furniture plays a significant role in defining the aesthetic and stylistic aspects of interior spaces, helping to create an atmosphere that reflects personal tastes and cultural traditions. Whether for practical, decorative, or symbolic purposes, furniture is an essential element in residential, commercial, and public environments.