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Food processing

The overall export of oilmeals during April to Nov., 2023 reported at 2,883,921 tons compared to 2,382,690 tons i.e. up by 21%.
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The experts of the Interagro group analyzed the grain market, as well as the volume of flour production for 9 months. Main trends: rising prices for grain transportation forces processors to load capacities that were previously used only by half
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In 2018-2022, the production of vegetable oils in India, including soy, gradually increased: in 2022, 9.3 million tons of vegetable oils were produced in the country, which is 5.9% higher than in 2021.
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The Import of Vegetable Oils (edible & non-edible) for the month of September, 2023 reported at 1,552,026 tons compared to 1,637,239 tons in September 2022, consisting 1,494,086 tons of edible oils and 57,940 tons of non-edible oils i.e. down by 5%.
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The Import of Vegetable Oils (edible & non-edible) for the month of August, 2023 reported at 1,866,123 tons compared to 1,401,233 tons in August 2022, consisting 1,852,115 tons of edible oils and 14,008 tons of non-edible oils i.e. up by 33%.
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The Import of Vegetable Oils (edible & non-edible) for the month of July, 2023 reported at 1,771,833 tons compared to 1,214,353 tons in July 2022, consisting 1,755,834 tons of edible oils and 15,999 tons of non-edible oils i.e. up by 46%.
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The Import of Vegetable Oils (edible & non-edible) for the month of June, 2023 reported at 1,314,476 tons compared to 991,650 tons in June 2022, consisting 1,311,576 tons of edible oils and 2,900 tons of non-edible oils i.e. up by 49%.
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Malt is a product obtained by germination of cereal seeds. The main and most common cereal for the production of malt is barley. Less often, wheat, rye or oats are used to impart special taste qualities.
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The volume of fish and seafood consumption in Morocco showed an increase almost throughout 2018-2022. In 2022, consumption amounted to a record 551.8 thousand tons, of which 538.8 thousand tons (97.6%) accounted for fish and 13.0 thousand tons (2.4%) for seafood.
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The Solvent Extractors’ Association of India has compiled the export data for export of oilmeals for the month of May, 2023 provisionally reported at 436,596 tons compared to 254,062 tons in May 2022 i.e. up by 72%.
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Food processing refers to the set of techniques and methods used to transform raw agricultural products into consumable and marketable food products. It involves a series of physical, chemical, and biological processes that convert raw ingredients into processed and preserved food items. Food processing aims to improve the safety, shelf life, taste, texture, and nutritional value of food, making it suitable for consumption, distribution, and storage.

Key Processes in Food Processing:

Cleaning and Sorting:

Removal of impurities, foreign materials, and unwanted components from raw food materials.

Size Reduction and Grinding:

Breaking down large food particles into smaller, more manageable sizes. This process is common for fruits, vegetables, and grains.

Blanching:

Brief exposure of food to high temperatures (steam or boiling water) to deactivate enzymes, preserve color, and improve texture.

Preservation:

Various methods to extend the shelf life of food, including:Canning: Sealing food in airtight containers to prevent microbial growth.
Freezing: Lowering the temperature to inhibit the growth of microorganisms.
Drying or Dehydration: Removing water to prevent spoilage.
Salting and Pickling: Using salt or vinegar to preserve food.

Cooking and Heat Processing:

Applying heat to food through methods like boiling, baking, frying, or steaming to cook, denature proteins, and kill harmful microorganisms.

Fermentation:

The use of microorganisms (e.g., bacteria, yeast) to break down complex compounds in food, enhancing flavor, texture, and nutritional content. Examples include yogurt, cheese, and sauerkraut.

Packaging:

Ensuring the safety and hygiene of food products through proper packaging methods. Packaging also helps in preserving freshness and preventing contamination.

Fortification:

Addition of vitamins, minerals, or other nutrients to enhance the nutritional content of food products.

Extrusion and Forming:

Shaping food materials into specific forms using extruders or molds. Common in the production of cereals, snacks, and pasta.

Emulsification and Homogenization:

Breaking down and dispersing fat globules in liquid products, improving texture and stability. Common in the production of dairy products and salad dressings.

Quality Control:

Monitoring and ensuring the quality and safety of food products through testing and inspection.

Importance of Food Processing:

Food Safety: Processing helps eliminate or reduce harmful microorganisms, making food safer for consumption.
Extended Shelf Life: Preservation methods increase the longevity of food products, reducing spoilage and waste.
Convenience: Processed foods often offer convenience, requiring less preparation time and effort for consumers.
Nutrient Retention: Some processing methods aim to retain or enhance the nutritional content of food.
Diversity of Products: Processing allows for the creation of a wide variety of food products with different flavors, textures, and forms.
Global Food Distribution: Processing facilitates the distribution of food products across regions and countries.
Year-round Availability: Preservation methods enable the availability of seasonal foods throughout the year.
Economic Impact: The food processing industry contributes significantly to the economy by creating jobs and supporting agricultural sectors.

While food processing provides numerous benefits, it is essential to balance the convenience and efficiency it offers with the goal of maintaining the nutritional quality and safety of the final food products. Advances in technology and innovation continue to shape the food processing industry, with a focus on sustainability, health, and consumer preferences.